Analysis of Neolithic chipped stone of South Lut and their comparative study with Southern Zagros industries

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran

2 Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Art & Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Neyshabur

4 Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Art & Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

چکیده

discoveries, have sometimes been compared to the Neolithic industries of Balochistan, Pakistan, and have sometimes been described as having local characteristics.  In this article, we analysed the artifacts mentioned with the samples found in South Zagros according to the three variables of raw material, technology and typology.
 The ancient sites of South Lut and South Zagros have followed the same pattern in choosing the type of raw material and how to access it, from the beginning of Neolithic(aceramic) to the pottery Neolithic.  The raw materials were generally indigenous.  According to studies, chert and flint were the most important and andesite, sandstone and limestone were the least used raw materials.  Bullet cores are obtained in most areas.  These cores are few in Tal Atashi, Darestan and Ashkaft Haji Bahrami (Aceramic Neolithic), but in Rahmatabad, Mushki and Hormangan are relatively numerous.  Bullet cores became insignificant from the middle of the Mushki Period, and their numbers declined during the Jari Period. The frequency of geometrics in the Fars region, although from the beginning of the Neolithic to the Jari period, has fluctuations in shapes such as backed crescent and trapezoid were produced.  Crescent geometries were one of the most important tools in Tepe Yahya, Tal Atashi and also all phases of Neolithic in Fars province.  The production process of sickle blades in Yahya has been increasing but in the Tall Atashi, it has been decreasing.  The frequency of these tools has been high in Rahmatabad, and low during Mushki and Jari periods.  This trend may be related to the technological developments of stone artifacts and changes in the type of economy during the Neolithic.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of South Lut Neolithic Stone Industries and a Comparative Ctudy of Them with the South Zagros Industries with special reference to Tall-e Atashi Finds

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahmat Abbasnejad Seresti 1
  • Maryam Shakouei 2
  • Omran Garazhian 3
  • Mohammad Ghamari Fatideh 4
1 Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran
2 Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Art & Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Neyshabur
4 Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Art & Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Darestan Bam and Tall-e Atashi artifacts along with Kerman stone industry have been compared with Pakistan's Balochistan Neolithic industries and sometimes described as having local characteristics. We have analyzed and compared them based on the triple variables of raw materials, technology and typology with those one which have discovered from Fars. Raw material choosing pattern was the same in all sites from the beginning of the Neolithic to the Pottery Neolithic. The materials were generally indigenous. Chert and flint were the most, and andesite, sandstone, and limestone were the least important. Bullet-shaped cores stones, have been found in most sites. While their abundance was low in Atashi, Darestan and Haji Bahrami rock-shelter, it was relatively high in Rahmatabad, Mushki and Hormangan. These cores were of little importance in the middle of Mushki especially during the Jarri period. Although the abundance of geometries fluctuated from the beginning of Neolithic to Jarri, they were produced in forms such as crescent-shaped, colloidal, and trapezoidal. Crescent geometries were one of the most important official tools of Yahya, Atashi, and all of Neolithic sites in Fars. The production process of sickle blades in Yahya was increasing, but in Atashi, it was decreasing. The frequency of these tools during Rahmatabad, Mushki and Jarri periods has been high, low and high, respectively. This situation may have been related to livelihood developments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stone Artifacts
  • Neolithic
  • Southern Lut
  • Southern Zagros
  • Tall-e Atashi
  • Darestan
  • تاریخ دریافت: 21 تیر 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 شهریور 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 14 شهریور 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 شهریور 1401