Eastern Iran Prehistoric Archaeological Project;The Second Seasons of Archaeological Excavation in Kale Kub, South Khorasan Province (2019)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Assistant Professor of Iranian Center for Archaeology (ICAR), Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Truism

2 Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Features, Tokyo, Japan

چکیده

More than one hundred years after the beginning of archaeological studies in Iran, for various reasons, the eastern regions have received scarce or no attention from archaeologists, and there are very limited publications of archaeological activities in this part of Iran. The prehistoric site of Kale Kub Ayask is one of the limited prehistoric sites of South Khorasan province and in the whole eastern Iran, which contains sufficient cultural deposits to provide a reliable chronology of the prehistoric cultural sequence of this region. Excavations in the site have led to identify the unknown prehistoric cultures in the area. The most significant achievement of the excavation is the identification of the cultural materials of the fourth millennium BC with southwestern and Mesopotamian origins, the evidence of which is obtained in this area is far from the center. This cultural evidence, which can be considered as horizons with the culture of Susa II or the new Uruk period, includes the typical pottery types of this period, such as beveled rim bowls, coarse Banesh trays, tubular vessels, nose handle jars, patterned, and fine wheel pottery. Those evidence have been known in the southwestern, western, northwestern, southeastern, and central plateaus of Iran, but they are identified and introduced in eastern Iran for the first time. In the second season of the excavation of the Kale Kub site, based on geophysical studies, pristine places were selected to survey, and the excavation of trenches with vaster dimensions led to identify the prehistoric architecture of the site.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Eastern Iran Prehistoric Archaeological Project; The Second Seasons of Archaeological Excavation in Kale Kub, South Khorasan Province (2019)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Hossein Azizi Kharanaghi 1
  • Masashi Abe 2
1 Assistant Professor of Iranian Center for Archaeology (ICAR), Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Truism
2 Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Features, Tokyo, Japan
چکیده [English]

More than one hundred years after the beginning of archaeological studies in Iran, for various reasons, the eastern regions have received scarce or no attention from archaeologists, and there are very limited publications of archaeological activities in this part of Iran. The prehistoric site of Kale Kub Ayask is one of the limited prehistoric sites of South Khorasan province and in the whole eastern Iran, which contains sufficient cultural deposits to provide a reliable chronology of the prehistoric cultural sequence of this region. Excavations in the site have led to identify the unknown prehistoric cultures in the area. The most significant achievement of the excavation is the identification of the cultural materials of the fourth millennium BC with southwestern and Mesopotamian origins, the evidence of which is obtained in this area is far from the center. This cultural evidence, which can be considered as horizons with the culture of Susa II or the new Uruk period, includes the typical pottery types of this period, such as beveled rim bowls, coarse Banesh trays, tubular vessels, nose handle jars, patterned, and fine wheel pottery. Those evidence have been known in the southwestern, western, northwestern, southeastern, and central plateaus of Iran, but they are identified and introduced in eastern Iran for the first time. In the second season of the excavation of the Kale Kub site, based on geophysical studies, pristine places were selected to survey, and the excavation of trenches with vaster dimensions led to identify the prehistoric architecture of the site.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Kale Kub
  • Architecture
  • Trade relations
  • Supply of raw materials
  • Susa II horizon
  • تاریخ دریافت: 29 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 20 شهریور 1401