Gird-i Ashoan During the Late Chalcolithic, Based on the Second Season of Excavation in Northwest of Iran

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

Academic member of iranian center for archaeology research

چکیده

Excavations at Gird-i Ashoan, an archaeological mound in Piranshahr County in the Lower Zab Basin, provided remarkable insights into cultural traditions characterizing the region in the Late Chalcolithic. Whilst reflecting some indigenous peculiarities, its material culture exhibits broad affinities with Northwest Iran, Caucasia, and Anatolia. This evinces the spread of the Late Chalcolithic (LC) cultures, especially LC2‒3, over vast territories, which could imply either population movements or spread of a certain pastoralist subsistence system. The central stimulus was the favorable climatic conditions, viz. a significant reduction in cold that fostered a climate almost similar to the present conditions. Building on the finds from Gird-i Ashoan, the present paper addresses the reasons for the chaff-faced pottery’s extension over a wide geographic area from the Caucasus to Mesopotamia, northern Syria and northwestern Iran. Excavations at the site brought to light a Late Chalcolithic settlement of an unprecedentedly substantial range, consisting of an about 8 m thick deposits. The pottery assemblages from the site include chaff-faced ware and painted Pisdeli ware, suggesting that the site’s strongest interactions were with Caucasia, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Gird-i Ashoan During the Late Chalcolithic, Based on the Second Season of Excavation in Northwest of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahnaz Sharifi
Academic member of iranian center for archaeology research
چکیده [English]

Excavations at Gird-i Ashoan, an archaeological mound in Piranshahr County in the Lower Zab Basin, provided remarkable insights into cultural traditions characterizing the region in the Late Chalcolithic. Whilst reflecting some indigenous peculiarities, its material culture exhibits broad affinities with Northwest Iran, Caucasia, and Anatolia. This evinces the spread of the Late Chalcolithic (LC) cultures, especially LC2‒3, over vast territories, which could imply either population movements or spread of a certain pastoralist subsistence system. The central stimulus was the favorable climatic conditions, viz. a significant reduction in cold that fostered a climate almost similar to the present conditions. Building on the finds from Gird-i Ashoan, the present paper addresses the reasons for the chaff-faced pottery’s extension over a wide geographic area from the Caucasus to Mesopotamia, northern Syria and northwestern Iran. Excavations at the site brought to light a Late Chalcolithic settlement of an unprecedentedly substantial range, consisting of an about 8 m thick deposits. The pottery assemblages from the site include chaff-faced ware and painted Pisdeli ware, suggesting that the site’s strongest interactions were with Caucasia, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • northwest of Iran
  • Late chalcolithic period
  • Girdi Ashoan
  • chaff tempered
  • Caucasus
  • تاریخ دریافت: 05 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 10 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 10 بهمن 1400