عنوان مقاله [English]
The Context of the Formation of Islamic Studies in Europe with the Approach of Muslims and Christians' Integration in Andalusia
Islamic studies is a new - born jargon . At early nineties , orientalists entered this jargon to their encyclopedia . Oriental studies which just were about Islam , Muslims and Islamic countries then changed into Islamic studies . So , using Islamic studies in this article generally refers to Oriental studies . After conquering Iberian Peninsula , Muslims adopted a behavior mainly included Tolerance towards Christians and tried to cohabit peacefully with them . The result of this study shows that this behavior resulted in using Arabic language as the language of Science and Culture and improving it . After the reclaiming movement started by Christians and their attention to Muslims ’ science , techniques and culture and by the beginning of translation movement in Andalusia which spread in the neighboring countries , Islamic studies was formed in Europe . Therefore , Islamic studies have been formed on the coexistence of Muslims and Christians from the eighth to fifteenth centuries in Andalusia .
Islamic studies , Muslims and Christians cohabiting , translation in Toledo . .