Archaeology of Qara Dagh: Preliminary Report of the Survey of the Bronze and Iron Age Sites in Varzeqan Region (Iranian Azerbaijan)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. in Tarbiat Modares University, Department of Archaeology. Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor in Tarbiat Modares University, Department of Archaeology, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor in Istanbul University, Department of Ancient History, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Archaeological studies in the region of Qara Dagh (or Arasbaran) are of particular importance due to the fact that this region is located in the area between East-West (Iranian) Azerbaijan and Iran-Anatolian Plateau, as well as north to south of Caucasus-Iran. Archaeological activities in Qara Dagh are often aimed at conducting systematic research to explain the socio-political situations, investigate the cultural-technological currents and changes, explore the connecting and commercial routes of Northern region of Azerbaijan during the Bronze and Iron ages, outline the long-term scientific landscape, and also to understand the archaeological status of the region, relying on field and laboratory methods. The first season of this project, in 2017, dealt with identification of the Bronze and Iron Age sites of Varzeqan city. During the present survey, have been recorded 143 sites from the early Bronze Age to the Iron Age III in the region; and from the most important results of this survey, the changes recorded during the transitions from each period to the next period in relation to demographic changes, settlement patterns and location selecting, evaluating the landscape and natural resources in order to be aware of food networks and economic systems, studying the ecology of the region, livelihood approaches and burial methods can be mentioned. According to this evidence, settlements have been very limited in the region during the early Bronze Age. With the collapse of semi-farmer communities in the early Bronze Age, nomadic life was limitedly formed in the middle of the Bronze Age. In the late of Middle Bronze Age, once again, with the formation of sedentary communities, an increase in the population of the region and the emergence of social complexities are seen during the late Bronze Age to the Iron Age II, followed by the establishment of a primitive class society which was formed under the administration of local small rulers

Highlights

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Keywords


Abdullahi, H. 2006. Geographical study of Varzeqan plain: from Khoranagh to Dopiq. Tabriz: University Research Publications. [In Persian].
Abedi, A., Shahidi, H.K., Chataigner, C., Niknami, K., Eskandari, N., Kazempour, M., Pirmohammadi, A., Hosseinzadeh, J. and Ebrahimi, G. 2014. Excavation at Kul Tepe (Hadishahr), North-Western Iran, 2010: First Preliminary Report. Ancient Near Eastern Studies, 51, pp. 33-165.
Alizadeh, A. 2004. Theory and practice in archeology. Second Edition, Tehran: Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts & Tourism Publication. [In Persian].
Bashash, K. R., Biscione, R., Nobari, H., A and Salvini, M. 2001. Haldlis Garrison – Haldis Protection. The Newly Found Rock Inscription of Argishti II in Shisheh, Near Ahar (East Azerbaijan, Iran), Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 43/1: 25-37.
Batiuk, S.D. 2013. The fruits of migration: Understanding the ‘longue duree’and the socio-economic relations of the Early Transcaucasian Culture. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 32 (4), pp. 449-477.
Belli, O., and Bahşaliyev, V. 2001. Nahçıvan Bölgesi'nde orta ve son tunç çağı boya bezemeli çanak çömlek kültürü: Middle and late Bronze Age painted pottery culture in the Nakhichevan Region. Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları.
Benedict, W.C. 1965. Two Urartian Inscriptions from Azerbaijan. Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 19 (2), pp. 35-40.
Brown, T.B. 1951. Excavations in Azarbaijan: 1948. London: John Murray.
Burney, C.A. 1962. The excavations at Yanik Tepe, Azerbaijan, 1961 second preliminary report. Iraq, 24 (2), pp. 134-152.
Burney, C.A. 1964. The excavations at Yanik Tepe, Azerbaijan, 1962: third preliminary report. Iraq, 26(1), pp. 54-61.
Burney, C. 1970. Excavations at Haftavān Tepe 1968: First Preliminary Report. Iran, 8 (1), pp. 157-171.
Burney, C. 1972. Excavations at Haftavān Tepe 1969: Second Preliminary Report. Iran, 10 (1), pp. 127-142.
Burney, C. 1973. Excavations at Haftavān Tepe 1971: Third Preliminary Report. Iran, 11(1), pp. 153-172.
Burney, C. 1975. Excavations at Haftavan Tepe 1973: fourth preliminary report. Iran, 13(1), pp. 149-164.
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Volume 13, Issue 4 - Serial Number 28
September 2022
Pages 283-306
  • Receive Date: 07 July 2019
  • Revise Date: 23 September 2019
  • Accept Date: 24 September 2019
  • First Publish Date: 20 February 2022