Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph. D Candidate, Department of Archaeology, University of Tehran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Tehran

3 Professor, American Coin Association

4 Professor, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Center, Iranian Atomic Energy Organization


In a new research on the Seleucid coins of Avicenna’s (Bu Ali Sina) Museum of Hamedan, eight new Tetradrachms from uncertain mint 65 have been identified. These coins issued under the authority of the Seleucid rulers, Antiochus III Megas (223-187 B.C.) and early reign of Seleucus IV Philopator (187-175 B.C.). In this article, the research main aim is review the issues and identify the likely location of the uncertain mint 65 and accordingly, coins of this mint that have been found in northwest of Iran. On following, all the characteristics of the mentioned mint are studied through following steps; catalogue of mint sequence, the value and duration of the mint and its comparative analysis with the main mints, such as Antioch on the Orontes, and survey of portrait types, the number of engravers and also identification of the elements by proton induced X-ray emission and its comparison to the Eastern Mints of the Seleucid Period. Contrary to the book of Selucid Coins (SC), the results of our study suggest that the relocation of this mint from Commagene or Northern Syria on the base of Seleucid coins to the eastern Mesopotamia or to the far northwest of Iran.


Arslan, M., and Lightfoot, C., 1999. Greek coin hoards in Turkey: the Antalya Archaeological Museum and the C.S. Okray collection, Ankara, UDAŞ.
Durst, S., 1983.  British Museum Catalogue of Coins: Seleucid Kings of Syria, New York, Numismatic Publications.
Esty, W., 2006. How to estimate the original number of dies and the coverage of a sample, The Numismatic Chronicle 166: 359-364.
Hoover, O., 2009. Handbook of Syrian coins: Royal and Civic Issues Forth to First Centuries BC, London, Lancaster.
Houghton, A., and Lorber, C., 2002. Seleucid coins: a comprehensive catalogue, part I: Seleucus I through Antiochus III, New York, American Numismatic Society.
Le Rider, G., 1999. Antioche de Syrie sous les Séleucides, corpus de monnaies d’or et d’argent I: de Sáleucos I à Antiochos V, c. 300-161, Paris: Institut du France.
Le Rider, G., 1965. Suse sous les Sélucides et les Parthes (memoires de la mission archéologique en Iran 38), Paris, Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner.
Mørkholm, O., 1991. Early Hellenistic coinage, Cambridge, University Press.
Newell, E., 1938. The coinage of the eastern Seleucid mints, New York, American Numismatic Society.
Newell, E., 1977. The coinage of the western Seleucid mints, New York, American Numismatic Society.