Mohammad Shabani; mohammad ebrahim zarei; kazem mollazadeh
In 2017, during a construction operation in Imam Khomeini Squareو were identified some historical potteries and an emergency excavation was formed. Excavation in this area represented ...
In 2017, during a construction operation in Imam Khomeini Squareو were identified some historical potteries and an emergency excavation was formed. Excavation in this area represented late Islamic, post-Achaemenid and Medes and Achaemenids periods. Level III represents the establishment of the Iron Age III , which has continued in the Achaemenid period. The pottery of this period, which is classified into Fine, Common/Medium, and Coarse types, appears in the form of subspecies of Buffware, Brownish-Buffware, Grayware, and Cooking ware utensils. Most shapes are formed by bowls and then jars. Among the Common forms, there are bowls with horizontal handles attached to the edge, which is characteristic of material pottery, as well as bowls with S-shaped edges and jars with clover-shaped drainage. The pottery of this period is very similar to the pottery tradition of Median sites, especially such as Godin II, Nush-I Jan, Babajan I-II, and Yelfan Tepe. In some cases, vessels such as bowls with angled and boat-shaped bodies, small simple cups, and jars with triangular edges are also comparable to Achaemenid sites such as Pasargadae and Persepolis, and even Hasanlu III. Based on the comparison of pottery data of this period with sites such as Godin II, Babajan I, and II, the settlement on the third level of the Meydan probably began after 650 BC and continued until the end of the Achaemenid period. The findings of this period are very important due to the great ambiguities and challenges related to the Median and Achaemenid settlement of Hamedan.