Archaeologically, and historically Indo Parthian kingdoms is not a well-known for us they have not has been mentioned in mythological history and in the historical resources of early ...
Archaeologically, and historically Indo Parthian kingdoms is not a well-known for us they have not has been mentioned in mythological history and in the historical resources of early Islamic period. They dominated the territory that Indo - Greeks and then Indo –Scythians were ruled there. Some scholars have not separated the Parthian and Scythian kings from India, and have not made any clear distinctions between kings of the two governments. Most of our knowledge of this government is based on the numismatic studies. The purpose of this paper is to analyses of the history of Indo-Parthian kingdom and their political relation to with Iranian Parthian Empire. The research method of the present study is descriptive-analytical method and an attempt has been made to pay attention to the ambiguities and complexities of the Parthian rule of India by relying on numismatic sources and reviewing historical researches and researches. The results of the study showed that the Parthians of India were politically independent from the Parthians of Iran, and although there appeared to be no hostile relations between the two governments; However, the Parthian rulers of Iran saw the Parthians of India as an intruder in their territory. Also in the sequence of Parthian kings of India according to numismatic documents, the following order can be considered: Gondophares (simultaneously with Orthagnes, and Guda), Abdagases, Pacores, Sanabares I, II and III and other kings named Parhas and Semara that are known of their names on the coins.