Fahimeh Mousavi; Behzad Balmaki; Mohammad reza Saeedi
The Halil roud Basin is one of the known ancient sites of the 3rd millennium BC in southeastern Iran. From this basin, following archaeological studies in 2001, more than 300 archaeological ...
The Halil roud Basin is one of the known ancient sites of the 3rd millennium BC in southeastern Iran. From this basin, following archaeological studies in 2001, more than 300 archaeological sites during prehistoric to Islamic periods have been identified. The most important relics of this civilization belong to the 3rd millennium BC, which is comparable to the historical relics of the Mesopotamian, Elamite, Central Asian and the Indus Valley civilizations. The main issue of this research is to identify the civilization of Halil roud by studying the symbolic motifs of objects in the form of bar pins that have been identified from all over the Halilroud basin and are kept in the Harandi Museum in Kerman. These objects are 155 pieces of pins, which are a group of simple rods without patterns and 24 of them have a pin head decorated with animal, plant and geometric patterns. The purpose of this study is to introduce and recognize 3 pieces of the above-mentioned pins, which have been selected and studied due to the role the confrontation animals. The role of animals in these pins has been described descriptively-analytically and the themes of these three objects as cultural and artistic findings of Halil roud basin in a comparative study with the themes of the showing areas of the 3rdmillennium BC in southeastern Iran, the Mesopotamian and Central Asian civilization have been evaluated. From the perspective of studying the history of art, by collecting information in a field method, including observing these works in the museum, photography, design, and typology of the motifs, Technique and style of shapes, a comparative study of these motifs has been done. In addition to the field method, these analyzes have been completed using written documents and sources, as a result of the pin and as a result of examining these pins, it was found that the shape of the pins with the body shape of animals such as mountain goats standing on their front legs and symbolically feeding the tree, eagles with raised wings, snakes with open mouths and It is performed in an aggressive manner and the lions sitting in front of each other in a completely symmetrical manner and this state of their symmetry with each other induces their confrontation. Thus, these motifs have been categorized and evaluated in terms of animal confrontation, content and possibly mythological features.Considering the observation and comparison of these motifs, it can be acknowledged that these objects show the influence of the insight and awareness of the creators of these works and the systematic human interaction with the environment and common culture in the past. Which is created through the beliefs, beliefs and aesthetic sense of the producing artist and the similarity of these designs to the animals of other ancient sites shows the common nature of these areas and the cultural influence of artists on each other in creating works of art.