Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 -

2 PhD in Archeology - University of Tehran - Tehran - Iran

Abstract

Ancient artists used simple lines to create images of the artistic object (stone) and put their mark and identity on it.

If we accept the principle that every work of art has a technical and practical dimension, petroglyphs in the field of art history and archeology can show geographical changes, a wide range of ecosystems, and animal and plant life and its relationship with human casualties and its path.

In the field of art and architecture, valuable works have been left in Tafarsh City. The purpose of this research is a detailed and methodical examination of the petroglyphs of the villages of Zaghar, Derbar, Haftan, and Qaleh Ghamdam-Koh in terms of petroglyphs, reflecting cultural beliefs, relative chronology, and geology. In this research, an attempt is made to answer these two questions based on the study and investigation of these petroglyphs: First, according to the classification comparison, which time range do the petroglyphs of the Tafarsh region belong to? Second, did the petroglyphs belong to nomadic communities or did nomadic communities play a role in creating them?

The data was first identified by the survey method and then the patterns were photographed by the mollage method. Due to the lack of laboratory facilities, their approximate time can only be estimated by relying on semantic and conceptual interpretation. It is believed that these paintings belong to the Sassanid period. Considering that all four places are located next to Malro roads and are probably Koch routes and the petroglyphs belong to Kochru communities.

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