Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Department of Archaeology Faculty of Humanities Lorestan University, Iran

Abstract

Chegani county is located in the western of Lorestan province, In order to complete the studies and investigations carried out in Lorestan province, in the summer of 2012, Shahivand district in the west was investigated by the author, and as a result, 84 sites were identified. Most of these sites belonged to prehistoric and historical eras and only three sites were related to the Islamic period. Based on the results of this research, the initial evidence of human presence in Shahivand sector is related to the Lower Paleolithic period, and six settlements from this period were identified. Few and scattered evidences were found from the later Paleolithic periods. Nevertheless, in the Neolithic period and simultaneously with the beginning of agriculture and herding, the Shahivand sector received serious attention, and the route from Kuch Delfan to Seymareh was formed. After the Neolithic period, Shahivand section until the Middle Chalcolithic II period at the end of the 5th millennium B.C. It has been uninhabited. From this period to the end of the Bronze Age in the second half of the second millennium B.C. It has been inhabited. The most attention to this area based on archeological findings is related to the Parthian and Sassanid periods, in addition to evidence of settlement, architectural structures such as the remains of two bridges on the Kashkan River and the construction of a stone path in the Gashomar Gorge in the north , is an emphasis on the communication importance of Shahivand sector in this era.

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