Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor of Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR), Tehran, Iran

2 Tehran University, Department of Archaeology, Tehran, Iran.


no experimental studies using petrographic, XRF, ICP and T.L methods for analyzing Sasanian and Early Islamic pottery in Western Iran have been conducted. Therefore, the results of this study will reveal more information regarding pottery production process in this historical period . For this purpose, 8 pieces of pottery obtained from the excavations of Jahangir monument was sent to the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and the Geological Survey for petrographic testing and 2 samples for XRF and ICP and 2 samples for thermoluminescence, were selected and examined. The questions of this research are about how to study the composition and structure of the pottery (?), the degree of firing in the kiln (?) and whether they are native or imported (?). Based on the experiments, it can be concluded that three compounds of quartz, iron oxide and calcite are observed in most of the samples acquired from this monument. In some of the pottery, however, mica particles or chert stone have been used in the clay. With the exception of a small number, all pottery is domestically produced, in other words, they are local and belong to the region itself. The texture of the pottery in selected samples are silty, porphyritic and inhomogeneous silty. The presence of calcite in the clay of all the pottery , indicates that they were not baked at more than 800° C in the kiln. Also, with the exception of a few examples, the rare soil changes in most pottery indicate a common origin.


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