Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Iranian Center for Archaeological Research (ICAR), Tehran, Iran

10.22059/jarcs.2022.348647.143159

Abstract

The beginning of field research in the DehLuran Plain dates back to the early of twentieth century. During this period, researches have been mainly focused on the northwestern part of the plain rather than its southeastern part (Patak Plain). However, the southeastern part of the plain, was intensively surveyed at the end of year of 2015. The primary purpose of this program was identifying and documentation of the sites, which was achieved. The next goal, namely determining the chronological position and understanding how the settlements located and recognizing their cultural interactions, compared to neighboring area, by using the discovered cultural materials, that is also achieved.

In total, out of the 56 identified sites in this archaeological survey, 22 sites had surface evidence of the Uruk Period until the end of Neo-Elamite Period, which in the first step, this number represents a fourfold increase in the number of the settlements by compared to the results of previous studies. Also, in the next step, with the registration of the Uruk Sites, it was found that, the population was living in the plain compared to the previous period, namely the Later Village Period has increased significantly. Then, the population decreased sharply in the JemdetNasr Period and we can see an increase in the settlements again in the Dynasty Period, but this increasing trend ended in the Old Elamite Period and decreased in the Middle and Neo-Elamite Periods, this decreasing has probably occurred because of the effects of trans-regional power centers and climate change.

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