Document Type : Research Paper
1 Expert of cultural heritage of East Azerbaijan
2 Tarbiat Modares University
3 university Tarbiyat modares
Archaeologists, nowadays use spatial analysis of environmental data and archaeological field findings to clarify the patterns of scattering of ancient settlements and their relation to the natural environment. Settlement pattern analysis is one of the topics in archeology that Instead of focusing on a specific ancient place, probes the region. The interpretation of past human behavior in relation to its dependence on components of the natural and ecological environment is at the center of this type of thought. The results of these analyzes will identify factors that influence the choice of ancestors' places of residence, such as easy access to agricultural land, water, marine resources and exploitation of extractable mineral resources. The security of this geographical context is one of the other important and well-known factors in a context that can shape the deployment of human groups in an area. Analysis of environmental data obtained from field survey of western plain of Urmia Lake during Parthian period and drawing of Settlement patterns based on GIS maps, indicative of ideal climate conditions, mountains covered with rich snow reserves and many rivers that feed this plain, which has the potential for successive deployments. These patterns in the western plain of Urmia Lake with variables such as sea level height, proximity to rivers, climate type, soil fertility, land use, vicinity to today settlements, and salt extraction and trade from the west coast Urmia Lake has been measured, the results of which are presented in this paper.