The creative millennia: highlighting transitional Neolithic (ca. 9800-8000 BC) in the central Zagros

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

Assistant Professor of Archaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

چکیده

The central Zagros received pioneering research on the emergence of early agricultural and village life by R. Braidwood in 1959-60. However, later shift of research toward the Levant put it in shadow for several decades until recent investigations have once again highlighted its key place in the Neolithization processes in west Asia. Unlike the Levant, where a protracted change from Epipaleolithic to Neolithic is seen, the border line between these two periods is evidently sharp in the central Zagros suggesting unprecedent features appeared in the first two millennia of the Holocene, a foundational time that is severely little known in the region. In the light of new evidence, this time period is here addressed under the chronological term ‘transitional Neolithic’ (ca. 9800-8000 BC). Current datasets suggest that, following an environmental improvement at the end of the Younger Dryas, local communities engaged in short-term inhabitations, collective or communal ceremonies, and an increasing reliance on wild progenitors of early domestic plant and animal species. This time spans close interactions with natural resources providing people with growing ecological knowledge. We may think of longer occupation in desirable places and thereby population increase in the 9th millennium BC. This instead could have gradually resulted in an environmental depression, caused either by population growth or possible unfavorable climatic events. Archaeological evidence determines that since the mid-9th millennium BC a change happened in subsistence strategies toward low-level food production. In fact, this was an eco-cultural event that broadened human diet.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The creative millennia: highlighting transitional Neolithic (ca. 9800-8000 BC) in the central Zagros

نویسنده [English]

  • Hojjat Ddarabi
Assistant Professor of Archaeology, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The central Zagros received pioneering research on the emergence of early agricultural and village life by R. Braidwood in 1959-60. However, later shift of research toward the Levant put it in shadow for several decades until recent investigations have once again highlighted its key place in the Neolithization processes in west Asia. Unlike the Levant, where a protracted change from Epipaleolithic to Neolithic is seen, the border line between these two periods is evidently sharp in the central Zagros suggesting unprecedent features appeared in the first two millennia of the Holocene, a foundational time that is severely little known in the region. In the light of new evidence, this time period is here addressed under the chronological term ‘transitional Neolithic’ (ca. 9800-8000 BC). Current datasets suggest that, following an environmental improvement at the end of the Younger Dryas, local communities engaged in short-term inhabitations, collective or communal ceremonies, and an increasing reliance on wild progenitors of early domestic plant and animal species. This time spans close interactions with natural resources providing people with growing ecological knowledge. We may think of longer occupation in desirable places and thereby population increase in the 9th millennium BC. This instead could have gradually resulted in an environmental depression, caused either by population growth or possible unfavorable climatic events. Archaeological evidence determines that since the mid-9th millennium BC a change happened in subsistence strategies toward low-level food production. In fact, this was an eco-cultural event that broadened human diet.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • central Zagros
  • transitional Neolithic
  • Neolithization
  • ecological knowledge
  • low-level food production
  • تاریخ دریافت: 08 خرداد 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 20 شهریور 1401