In Search of the Message of Srōš: Investigation into the deity of Srōš and his Iconography During the Sasanian Period

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Phd, Graduated,, Department of Archaeology,, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Archaeology, Tarbiat Modares University

3 Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran

چکیده

Srōš, the representation of obedience, is one of the great Zoroastrian divinities in the Avesta and the Pahlavi texts. As a warrior and a fighter against evil, as a high priest and as one of the judges of the soul of the dead, he plays a prominent role in Zoroastrian religion. In the Avesta, four separate hymns dedicated to Srōš, which implies his important position among the Zoroastrian divinities. The name of Srōš remained as a divine messenger in Iranian literature of the Islamic period. Srōš was missing in royal inscriptions, however, and his name does not appear among the pantheon of Iranian divinities in Greek, Roman and Syriac sources. Due to this absence, the status of Srōš in ancient Iran and his possible visual representations has not given due recognition or attention.

In this paper, the characteristics and functions of Srōš in Zoroastrian literature are first studied. Then, on the basis of the Zoroastrian textual sources, and Srōš’s status and iconography evidence in pre-Sasanian Iran and in the eastern Iran, his possible visual representations in Sasanian period is investigated. The results of this study indicate that Srōš is depicted both anthropomorphic (charioteer motif) and onanthropomorphic (the rooster and ear motif), and these images were inspired by Zoroastrian beliefs.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

In Search of the Message of Srōš: Investigation into the deity of Srōš and his Iconography During the Sasanian Period

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahele Koulabadi 1
  • Seyed Mehdi Mousavi Kouhpar 2
  • Seyed Rasoul Mousavi Haji 3
  • Morteza Ataie 4
1 Phd, Graduated,, Department of Archaeology,, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Archaeology, Tarbiat Modares University
3 Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, University of Mazandaran
چکیده [English]

Srōš, the representation of obedience, is one of the great Zoroastrian divinities in the Avesta and the Pahlavi texts. As a warrior and a fighter against evil, as a high priest and as one of the judges of the soul of the dead, he plays a prominent role in Zoroastrian religion. In the Avesta, four separate hymns dedicated to Srōš, which implies his important position among the Zoroastrian divinities. The name of Srōš remained as a divine messenger in Iranian literature of the Islamic period. Srōš was missing in royal inscriptions, however, and his name does not appear among the pantheon of Iranian divinities in Greek, Roman and Syriac sources. Due to this absence, the status of Srōš in ancient Iran and his possible visual representations has not given due recognition or attention.

In this paper, the characteristics and functions of Srōš in Zoroastrian literature are first studied. Then, on the basis of the Zoroastrian textual sources, and Srōš’s status and iconography evidence in pre-Sasanian Iran and in the eastern Iran, his possible visual representations in Sasanian period is investigated. The results of this study indicate that Srōš is depicted both anthropomorphic (charioteer motif) and onanthropomorphic (the rooster and ear motif), and these images were inspired by Zoroastrian beliefs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Srō&scaron؛
  • Avesta
  • Pahlavi Texts
  • Rooster
  • Ear
  • the Divine Chariot
  • تاریخ دریافت: 22 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 20 شهریور 1401