Categorization, taxonomy and analysis of bony faunal remains of Qareh teppeh of Sagzabad

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

PhD student in Archeology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده

Abstract

As a sub-discipline of biology, zooarchaeology is employed as an interdisciplinary field in archaeology. It has the potential to provide useful information for archaeologists on questions such as climate, vegetation, diet, subsistence systems, rituals, and even the status settlement of a site. Located in the Qazvin plain of northwestern Iran about 7 km north of the modern town of Sagzabad, the archaeological site of Sagzabad (Qara Tappeh) was among the three prehistoric and protohistoric mounds selected by Dr. Ezzat Allah Neghaban for educational excavations by the students of the Department of Archeology of the University of Tehran, and has been excavated since 1970. Related excavations carried out in 2013, 2014 and 2015 at the site were directed by M. Dehpahlavan with a special focus on the Iron Age II and III deposits. In addition, these excavations, aimed at understanding the reasons for the decline and termination of Sagzabad occupations, mark the starting point of evaluating and preliminary understanding of the cultural patterns of the concerned periods. The collection of faunal remains considered in this study comes from these excavations. Here, the remains are studied to characterize different species and pinpoint the reasons behind the relative abundance of some of them. The sample comes from residential and burial contexts as well as sedimentary layers deposits. Exposed architectural remains, the typology of artifactual assemblages (pottery, personal ornaments, cylindrical seals, and weaponry), and the radiocarbon determinations of human-animal osteological remains suggest a date spanning the Iron II‒early Iron III (1100‒800 BCE).

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Categorization, taxonomy and analysis of bony faunal remains of Qareh teppeh of Sagzabad

نویسنده [English]

  • Marjan Mollabeirami
PhD student in Archeology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract

As a sub-discipline of biology, zooarchaeology is employed as an interdisciplinary field in archaeology. It has the potential to provide useful information for archaeologists on questions such as climate, vegetation, diet, subsistence systems, rituals, and even the status settlement of a site. Located in the Qazvin plain of northwestern Iran about 7 km north of the modern town of Sagzabad, the archaeological site of Sagzabad (Qara Tappeh) was among the three prehistoric and protohistoric mounds selected by Dr. Ezzat Allah Neghaban for educational excavations by the students of the Department of Archeology of the University of Tehran, and has been excavated since 1970. Related excavations carried out in 2013, 2014 and 2015 at the site were directed by M. Dehpahlavan with a special focus on the Iron Age II and III deposits. In addition, these excavations, aimed at understanding the reasons for the decline and termination of Sagzabad occupations, mark the starting point of evaluating and preliminary understanding of the cultural patterns of the concerned periods. The collection of faunal remains considered in this study comes from these excavations. Here, the remains are studied to characterize different species and pinpoint the reasons behind the relative abundance of some of them. The sample comes from residential and burial contexts as well as sedimentary layers deposits. Exposed architectural remains, the typology of artifactual assemblages (pottery, personal ornaments, cylindrical seals, and weaponry), and the radiocarbon determinations of human-animal osteological remains suggest a date spanning the Iron II‒early Iron III (1100‒800 BCE).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Faunal osteological remains
  • Subsistence economy
  • Zooarchaeology
  • the Iron Age
  • Sagzabad
  • تاریخ دریافت: 07 دی 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 20 شهریور 1401