Preliminary study and introduction of recovered armaments from Parthian catacombs at Vestemin, Kiasar, Sari, considering 2015, 2017, and 2018 excavation seasons.

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

PhD student in Archeology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده

The contractor of the gas line transition from Damghan to Neka destroyed and recovered two tombs at 2014. The site is located 80 km south of Sari. Archaeological excavations led to discovering two historical cemeteries, settlements, and an Islamic castle and cemetery. Architectural remains and objects indicate historical catacomb burials. There are questions about the site including architectural structure of the catacombs, burial method and dating. Systematic survey and excavation and subsequent comparison of data, with burial method, suggest a vast Parthian settlement in the site. Vestemin is the first Parthian site in Mazandaran. What distinguishes the site from the other Parthian cemeteries is family catacombs. The Vestemin catacombs consist of three parts, including 1) the rectangular space or the corridor, 2) threshold or entrance between the rectangular space and the catacomb chamber, 3) the catacomb chamber. Armaments including sword, dagger, arrowhead, trefoil arrowheads, and armor were of findings of the cemetery. Varieties of the objects and using armaments as gifts, had nothing to the dead’s sex. Investigating types of armaments reveal that how cavalries applied them, because armaments such as sword, dagger, and arrowheads, are light weapons that Agile Parthian cavalries used them against romans’ heavy weapons, as their classic enemy.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Preliminary study and introduction of recovered armaments from Parthian catacombs at Vestemin, Kiasar, Sari, considering 2015, 2017, and 2018 excavation seasons.

نویسنده [English]

  • Abdolmotaleb Sharifi Holaei
PhD student in Archeology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The contractor of the gas line transition from Damghan to Neka destroyed and recovered two tombs at 2014. The site is located 80 km south of Sari. Archaeological excavations led to discovering two historical cemeteries, settlements, and an Islamic castle and cemetery. Architectural remains and objects indicate historical catacomb burials. There are questions about the site including architectural structure of the catacombs, burial method and dating. Systematic survey and excavation and subsequent comparison of data, with burial method, suggest a vast Parthian settlement in the site. Vestemin is the first Parthian site in Mazandaran. What distinguishes the site from the other Parthian cemeteries is family catacombs. The Vestemin catacombs consist of three parts, including 1) the rectangular space or the corridor, 2) threshold or entrance between the rectangular space and the catacomb chamber, 3) the catacomb chamber. Armaments including sword, dagger, arrowhead, trefoil arrowheads, and armor were of findings of the cemetery. Varieties of the objects and using armaments as gifts, had nothing to the dead’s sex. Investigating types of armaments reveal that how cavalries applied them, because armaments such as sword, dagger, and arrowheads, are light weapons that Agile Parthian cavalries used them against romans’ heavy weapons, as their classic enemy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • armament
  • Sari
  • Vestemin
  • Parthian
  • archaeology
  • تاریخ دریافت: 26 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 شهریور 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 20 شهریور 1401