Human motifs of newly discovered Stuccos in Bishapour

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor of Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Archaeological activities of the recent two decades in Bishapour have led to reveal of architectural structures, plaster-moulding, seals and other objects from this valuable site. This city, which is one of the prior Sassanid cities and capitals, has its own documented historic urban planning. Excavations in the city have begun from 1935 and archeological activities are still continued.

During archeological activities in Bishapour, a few pieces of plaster-moulding with human motifs appeared, which have not observed and introduced like them, in other Sassanid areas so far. These pieces are mostly found in the ninth chapter of Bishapour excavations and are more focused on the south of the mosaic porch and the cross-shaped hall of the royal residence.

Apparently, the plaster-moulding embellishments were drawn on the walls all at once, and then the artist created her desired designs on the plasters with a tool like the relief drawknife or it was prepared in the form of molding and then installed in its place. In this paper, data collection method has been based on two paths: field and library study and try to analyze and introduce these findings in the context of the Sassanid period plaster-moulding art of the historic Bishapour. It shows that the Sassanid plaster-moulding art initially is completely inherited from the Iranian past.

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  • Receive Date: 08 January 2022
  • Revise Date: 03 October 2022
  • Accept Date: 26 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 26 January 2022