soheil ahmadi vastani; Jebrael Nokandeh; mostafa dehpahlavan
The period between the third and sixth centuries AD (Sassanid period) is very important in terms of archeology and the study of cultural changes and transformations of the Iranian plateau. ...
The period between the third and sixth centuries AD (Sassanid period) is very important in terms of archeology and the study of cultural changes and transformations of the Iranian plateau. During this period, the manufacture and use of metal objects, especially precious metals, reached its peak of perfection in terms of the art and delicacy of metallurgy. These huge changes in the metalworking industry, in addition to the effects on metal objects that have been used daily, have also affected Grave goods . For this reason, we see the existence of beautiful and exquisite objects in terms of art in the cemeteries of the Sassanid period. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the form and decoration of metal vessels discovered in the Sassanid period cemeteries, northern Iran, in order to obtain comprehensive information aboutthe construction technique, use, and designs used on these vessels. The data of this research have been collected and researched based on archaeological excavations. The results show that the most common types of metal utensils discovered in this area include; There were bowls, cups, goblets, jugs and plates. In addition to everyday use, these vessels represent a kind of social and political position of their owners and in some cases as a reserve, capital in trade relations. These utensils are mainly made by casting and hammering. Most of the discovered vessels are without patterns, but some of the vessels have animal, bird, human and geometric motifs.