Fatemeh Gholizadeh; hasan karimian; javad neyestani
The migration of Alid’s Sadat to Tabaristan and Daylam that was the result of pressure of the Abbasid caliphs, along with the subsequent uprising of Yahya bin Abdullah in Daylam ...
The migration of Alid’s Sadat to Tabaristan and Daylam that was the result of pressure of the Abbasid caliphs, along with the subsequent uprising of Yahya bin Abdullah in Daylam led to the spread of Zaydi Shia in the northern Iran. Taking advantage of the geographical isolation of these provinces and their distance from the central states, Alids succeeded in forming the first Shi’ite state of the Islamic caliphate by attracting the support of the Ispahbads and locals people. Since coins are one of the most authentic archaeological evidence, the present study attempts to answer the question of how the Alid themes used on the coins differed from those used on the standard coins of the Abbasids and how the new verses were multiplied? The results of the study on coins and historical sources made indicates that the Alid of the Tabaristan with the aim of proving their political and religious legitimacy, deliberately minted coins containing verses of the Holy Quran, which were capable of interpreting the position of the Ahl al-Bayt and Jihad against the Abbasid caliphate. Thus, despite the fact that the Alid coins have a similar design to the Abbasid coinages, they were quite distinct in terms of conveying concepts such as the support of the Prophet's Ahl al-Bayt, Shiite propaganda, and opposition to the Abbasid caliphate.