soraya afshari; Liliy Niakan; Behrooz Omrani; Mohammad Mortezayi
. In this connection, in Shamsi in 1398, a survey was conducted with the aim of identifying and investigating patriarchal sites along the Aras River, mainly in the Shamsi valley area ...
. In this connection, in Shamsi in 1398, a survey was conducted with the aim of identifying and investigating patriarchal sites along the Aras River, mainly in the Shamsi valley area in the town of Jolfa, between the two provinces of eastern and western Azerbaijan. During this survey, 53 archaeological documents and sites were identified and recorded. This region has played a strategic and geopolitical role in the surrounding regions such as the Caucasus, Turkey, and Central Asia, as well as a geo-economic role as a communication corridor from the 2nd millennium BC through the ages. Subsequently, a variety of cultures were formed in the region. In other words, which facilitated communication within and outside the region, and this played a major role in the development of the culture of the Siam Valley, especially during the Mongol dynasty. On the other hand, in view of the religious importance of the region during the Mongol dynasty, when the region showed religious tolerance through its foreign policy, useful information was obtained about the social and religious structure of the region during different cultural periods, especially during the patriarchal period. In other words, the field research and adaptation to historical documents revealed that the religious freedom policy of the Mongol Ilkhans, called religious tolerance under the Ilkhanate rule, and the lack of religious prejudice among Mongolians were due to various causes and factors. It was clear that it was the result of his political and religious policies.